Test Design and 
Test Framework

Field 400: Test of Academic Proficiency (TAP)

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The test design below describes general testing information. The test framework that follows is a detailed outline that explains the knowledge and skills that this test measures.

Test Design

Format Computer-based test (CBT)
Number of Questions Reading Comprehension (401): 60 multiple-choice questions
Language Arts (402): 60 multiple-choice questions
Mathematics (403): 50 multiple-choice questions
Writing (404): 1 constructed-response assignment
Time* All four subtests in a single session: 5 hours
One subtest in a single session: 2 hours and 30 minutes
Passing Score 240 per subtest

*Does not include 15-minute CBT tutorial

Test Framework

Field 401: Subarea  roman numeral 1 —Reading Comprehension

The skills addressed in this subarea require demonstration of literal, inferential, and critical reading skills in a variety of written materials—including college-level texts and original source documents—in the areas of physical and life sciences, humanities and fine arts, and the social and behavioral sciences.

graph of percentages of standards weighted for overall percentage of the reading comphrension subarea

Standard Number of Items  approximate standard weight as percent of total test 
Standard 0001: Determine the meaning of words and phrases in context. 10 17 percent
Standard 0002: Understand the main idea and supporting details in written material. 10 17 percent
Standard 0003: Apply skills of inference and interpretation to a variety of written materials. 10 17 percent
Standard 0004: Analyze relationships among ideas in written material. 10 17 percent
Standard 0005: Use critical reasoning skills to evaluate written material. 10 16 percent
Standard 0006: Apply skills for outlining and summarizing written materials and interpreting information presented in graphs or tables. 10 16 percent
Totals 60 100 percent
Standard 0001–Determine the meaning of words and phrases in context.

The following are examples of content that may be covered under this standard.

Standard 0002–Understand the main idea and supporting details in written material.

The following are examples of content that may be covered under this standard.

Standard 0003–Apply skills of inference and interpretation to a variety of written materials.

The following are examples of content that may be covered under this standard.

Standard 0004–Analyze relationships among ideas in written material.

The following are examples of content that may be covered under this standard.

Standard 0005–Use critical reasoning skills to evaluate written material.

The following are examples of content that may be covered under this standard.

Standard 0006–Apply skills for outlining and summarizing written materials and interpreting information presented in graphs or tables.

The following are examples of content that may be covered under this standard.

Field 402: Subarea  roman numeral 2 —Language Arts

The skills addressed in this subarea require demonstration of the ability to write effectively at the college level, with control over the conventions of edited English in the United States and competence in drafting, organizing, and revising written work, as well as the ability to exercise critical thinking and reflection in written communications.

graph of percentages of standards weighted for overall percentage of the language arts subarea

Standard Number of Items  approximate standard weight as percent of total test 
Standard 0007: Demonstrate command of standard usage in edited English in the United States. 10 17 percent
Standard 0008: Understand and apply knowledge of mechanical conventions in edited English in the United States. 10 17 percent
Standard 0009: Understand the role of purpose and audience in written communication. 10 17 percent
Standard 0010: Understand unity, focus, development, and organization in writing. 10 17 percent
Standard 0011: Understand and apply editing and revision strategies. 10 16 percent
Standard 0012: Recognize sentences and paragraphs that effectively communicate intended messages. 10 16 percent
Totals 60 100 percent
Constructed-Response Writing Assignment
Standard 0013: Prepare an organized, developed composition in edited English as used in the United States in response to instructions regarding content, purpose, and audience. 1  This cell intentionally blank 
standard number of items approximate standard weight as percent of total test
standard 0007: demonstrate command of standard usage in edited english in the united states. 10 17 percent
standard 0008: understand and apply knowledge of mechanical conventions in edited english in the united states. 10 17 percent
standard 0009: understand the role of purpose and audience in written communication. 10 17 percent
standard 0010: understand unity, focus, development, and organization in writing. 10 17 percent
standard 0011: understand and apply editing and revision strategies. 10 16 percent
standard 0012: recognize sentences and paragraphs that effectively communicate intended messages. 10 16 percent
totals 60 100 percent
constructed-response writing assignment number of items approximate standard weight as percent of total test
standard 0013: prepare an organized, developed composition in edited english as used in the united states in response to instructions regarding content, purpose, and audience. 1 this cell intentionally blank
A. Grammar and Usage
Standard 0007–Demonstrate command of standard usage in edited English in the United States.

The following are examples of content that may be covered under this standard.

Standard 0008–Understand and apply knowledge of mechanical conventions in edited English in the United States.

The following are examples of content that may be covered under this standard.

B. Writing
Standard 0009–Understand the role of purpose and audience in written communication.

The following are examples of content that may be covered under this standard.

Standard 0010–Understand unity, focus, development, and organization in writing.

The following are examples of content that may be covered under this standard.

Standard 0011–Understand and apply editing and revision strategies.

The following are examples of content that may be covered under this standard.

Standard 0012–Recognize sentences and paragraphs that effectively communicate intended messages.

The following are examples of content that may be covered under this standard.

C. Writing Assignment
Standard 0013–Prepare an organized, developed composition in edited English as used in the United States in response to instructions regarding content, purpose, and audience.

The following are examples of content that may be covered under this standard.

Field 403: Subarea  roman numeral 3 —Mathematics

The skills addressed in this subarea require demonstration of quantitative literacy at the college level through the application of mathematical methods and reasoning to the solution of real-world problems.

graph of percentages of standards weighted for overall percentage of the mathematics subarea

Standard Number of Items  approximate standard weight as percent of total test 
Standard 0014: Solve problems involving integers, fractions, decimals, and units of measurement. 10 20 percent
Standard 0015: Apply mathematical reasoning skills to analyze patterns and solve problems. 10 20 percent
Standard 0016: Solve problems involving algebra and geometry. 10 20 percent
Standard 0017: Understand concepts and procedures related to data analysis and statistics. 10 20 percent
Standard 0018: Solve applied problems using a combination of mathematical skills (including word problems involving one and two variables). 10 20 percent
Totals 50 100 percent
Standard 0014–Solve problems involving integers, fractions, decimals, and units of measurement.

The following are examples of content that may be covered under this standard.

Standard 0015–Apply mathematical reasoning skills to analyze patterns and solve problems.

The following are examples of content that may be covered under this standard.

Standard 0016–Solve problems involving algebra and geometry.

The following are examples of content that may be covered under this standard.

Standard 0017–Understand concepts and procedures related to data analysis and statistics.

The following are examples of content that may be covered under this standard.

Standard 0018–Solve applied problems using a combination of mathematical skills (including word problems involving one and two variables).

The following are examples of content that may be covered under this standard.